Fauna - Vertebrates
Zebra millipede

Eswatini's Myriapods: Centipedes and Millipedes

Myriapods, which include centipeds and millipedes, have only been poorly investigated in Eswatini.

Centipedes: Chilopoda


The presence of four orders of centipedes has been confirmed.

Geophilomorpha (Soil Centipedes)

Family: Geophilidae

  • Geoperingueyia minor
  • Polygonarea clavigera

These two species are possibly endemic, they are currently only known from Eswatini.

Lithobiomorpha (Stone Centipedes)

Family: Henicopidae

  • Paralamyctes spenceri

Scolopendromorpha (Tropical Centipedes)

Family: Scolopendridae

  • Alipes crotalus
  • Cormocephalus sp.
  • Scolopendra sp.

Scutigeromorpha (House Centipedes)

Family: Scutigerinidae

  • Scutigerina weberi

Centipede records on iNaturalist


Millipedes: Diplopoda

Millipedes currently known from Eswatini fall under Subclass Chilognatha, Infraclass Helminthomorpha, Supterclass Eugnatha, and Infraclass Pentazonia.

Order Sphaerotheriida (pill millipedes)

There is currently one photo record, identified as Sphaerotherium sp. (Family Sphaerotheriidae).

Pill millipede record on iNaturalist

Superorder Juliformia, Order Spirostreptida (round-backed millipedes)

Records include photos which can only be identified to family level, from the Harpagophoridae and Spirostreptidae families. Spirostreptida are generally large, long and cylindrical, with 30 to 90 body rings.

Spirostreptida records on iNaturalist

Confirmed records of Spirostreptidae include:

  • Doratogonus castaneus
  • Doratogonus praealtus

Superorder Merocheta, Order Polydesmida (flat-backed millipedes)

Confirmed records include species from two families, Dalodesmidae and Gomphodesmidae, and based on currently available information, these two species have only been recorded from Eswatini.

  • Gnomeskelus (Gnomeskelus) swazius
  • Ulodesmus incurvipes


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